This Robot Can 3D print entire Buildings
3D printing has slowly gone from a curious novelty to a totally viable option for creating all kinds of useful things, from chocolate to athletic shoes, and now MIT has invented a way to use the technology to print buildings, too. Given that most 3D printing takes place inside a sealed box, it might be a bit hard to imagine exactly how a structure could be built in such a way, but as you’ll see, it can most definitely be done.
The peculiar system is essentially a robotically controlled arm that sprays an expanding foam that dries hard — kind of like the gap-filling foam you’d buy at a hardware store. The system’s sensors detect the height at which the arm sprays the foam, gradually lifting itself higher as the walls of the structure take shape. In the demo video, the robot is shown building a circular structure with double-thick foam walls supported by internal bracing. The dome was completed in less than 14 hours, which is pretty speedy when you consider it was 12 feet tall and 50 feet across.
The system can even account for doorways, can build walls of varying
thicknesses to account for specific climates, and could potentially use
other materials which it would harvest from the surrounding area if
deployed in a remote area. MIT even notes that, once it’s built to be
completely autonomous, it would be a great option for sending to the
moon or Mars, where traditional building materials wouldn’t necessarily